Relazione su invito
Virtual unrolling and deciphering of Herculaneum papyri by X-ray phase-contrast tomography.
Bukreeva I., Mittone A., Bravin A., Festa G., Alessandrelli M., Coan P., Formoso V., Agostino R.G., Giocondo M., Ciuchi F., Fratini M., Massimi L., Lamarra A., Andreani C., Bartolino R., Gigli G., Ranocchia G., Cedola A.
More than 1800 carbonized Greek and Latin papyri, discovered at Herculaneum in 18th century, form the unique library survived from antiquity. This unique collection was charred during 79 A.D. Vesuvius eruption, a circumstance which providentially preserved them until now. The goal is to read the text hidden inside unopened papyrus rolls without damaging them. We succeeded in reading the largest portion of Greek text ever detected inside Herculaneum-papyrus rolls using X-ray phase-contrast tomography combined with a set of numerical algorithms for "virtual-unrolling". We obtained precious information on their probable author, content, ink and on unexpected events historically experienced by them.