Chronological reconstruction and dietary habit: a multiproxy approach.

Ricci P., Altieri S., Scirè Calabrisotto C., Fedi M.E., Liccioli L. Lubritto C.
  Mercoledì 28/09   10:00 - 13:00   Edificio Psicologia 2 - Aula 3G   VI - Fisica applicata, Acceleratori e Beni Culturali
In this paper, using a multidisciplinary approach, we present the results of the studies aimed at the social analysis of the archaeological record in different archaeological sites, with the aim of understanding the articulation of the peasant community, the presence of political and economic power in the village that has influenced the morphology and the economic structure of the village itself. Measurements of different parameters (stable and radioactive isotopes, bioarchaelogical records, analysis of pale pathology) and studies based on the systematic use of the material sources (archaeological materials, human remains, archaeological contexts, written evidence) are discussed. Radiocarbon dating of different organic remains (charcoal, bone), and analysis of C and N stable isotopes of bone collagen, give us an important key to study the absolute chronological reconstruction and dietary habits of studied populations. In detail, by using stable isotope measurements, we are able to study the social characterization of rural communities of the archaeological sites from different historical periods (Bronze Age, Medieval, etc.) and in different local contexts (Italy, Cipro, Spain) and the analysis of the social differences between and within the different sites focusing on diachronic changes.